Shacabka turkiga, ama Turki, (Af Turki : Türkler), waa Qoowmiyad ugu horaysay dagaan ahaan Turkiga, waana dhulkii ay ka dhisnayda Cusmaaniyiinta halkaasoo ay ku yiileen xarumaha taasoo ay ku sugnayd wax badan. Turkiga ama Turki (Turki: Türkler), oo sidoo kale loo yaqaano Turki Turki (Turki: Anadolu Türkleri), waa koox qabiil oo Turkiga ah iyo qurba-joogta inta badan ku nool Turkiga iyo ku hadlida Turkiga, luqada ugu badan ee Turkiga ah. Waxay yihiin qowmiyadaha ugu weyn ee Turkiga ah, iyo sidoo kale faraca qowmiyadeed ee ugu weyn ee luuqadaha Turkiga ah. Qowmiyadaha tirada yar ee Turkiga ah waxay ka jiraan dhulalkii hore ee Boqortooyada Ciraaq. Intaa waxaa dheer, qurba-joogta Turkiga ayaa la aasaasay hijrada casriga ah, gaar ahaan Western Europe.

Turks
Türkler
Osman Gazi.jpg
Sultan Mehmed II The Conqueror.jpg
EmperorSuleiman.jpg
Mihrimah Sultan.jpg
Kemalbey-cropped.jpg
Safiye Ali.jpg
Halide adivar.jpg
Mimar Kemaleddin.jpg
Atatürk Kemal.jpg
Yamzu.jpg
Feriha Tevfik.gif
Omer Asik2.jpg
Orhan Pamuk 2009 Shankbone.jpg
Kıvanç Tatlıtuğ 2009.jpg
ElifShafak Ask EbruBilun Wiki.jpg
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Birlikte - Kundgebung - 1748 - Sertab Erener und Demir Demirkan-0980.jpg
Tirada guud ee dadka
110 million
Meelaha ay ku badan yihiin
 Turkiga 55,500,000-60,500,000 [1][2][3]
 Jarmalka 3,500,000-4,000,000 [4][5][6]
 Algeria 600,000-3,300,000 [7][8][9]
 Ciraaq 500,000-3,000,000 [10][11][12]
 Tunisia 500,000-2,400,000 [13][14][15]
 Suuriya 750,000-1,500,000 [16][17][18]
 Bulgaria 588,000-800,000 [19][20][21]
Flag of France.svg Faransiiska 500,000-1,000,000 [22][23]
 Ingiriiska 500,000Template:Cref [24][25][26]
 Maraykanka 500,000 Template:Cref [27][28][29]
 Holland 400,000-500,000 Template:Cref [30][31][32]
 Austriya 350,000-500,000 [33][34][35]
 Qubrista Waqooyi ee turkida 300,000-500,000 Template:Cref [36][37]
 Australia 300,000 Template:Cref [38]
 Beljim 200,000 [39][40]
Template:Country data Republic of Macedonia 77,959-200,000 [41][42][43]
 Sacuudi Carabiya 150,000-200,000 [13][44]
 Giriiga 80,000-150,000 Template:Cref [45][46][47]
 Kasakhstan 150,000 Template:Cref [48]
 Ruushka 120,000-150,000 [49]
 Iswisarland 120,000 Template:Cref [50]
 Azerbaijan 110,000 Template:Cref [48][51][52]
 Iswiidhan 100,000-150,000 Template:Cref [53][54]
 Masar 100,000-1,500,000 [55][56]
 Somalia 4000 [57]
 Kanada 50,000-100,000 [58][59][60]
 Lubnaan 50,000-80,000 [61][62]
 Jordan 60,000 [13]
Template:Country data Bosnia 50,000 [63][63]
Flag of Libya.svg Liibiya 50,000 [13]
Template:Country data Kosovo 30,000-50,000 [63][64]
 Qargistan 50,000 Template:Cref [48][65]
Luqada

Af-Turki

Diinta

Predominantly Hanafi Sunni Islam, minority Alevism[66]

Turki ayaa ka yimid Bartamaha Aasiya oo degay aagagga Anatoliya ee qarnigii 11aad iyada oo loo marey qabsashadii Seljuk Turks, oo la barbar dhigi jiray dadka reer Aasiya. Gobalkaasi wuxuu bilaabay inuu wax ka beddelo mid ka mid ah Giriigga Giriiga ah ee muslimiinta Turkiga ah. [81] Intaas ka dib, Boqortooyada Aasiya waxay u timid inay maamusho badmaaxyada Balkans, Cawadheer, Bariga Dhexe (oo laga reebo Iran), iyo Waqooyiga Afrika intii ay socdeen qarniyo dhawr ah, oo leh ciidan sare iyo ciidan. Boqortooyada waxay sii jirtey ilaa dhammaadkii dagaalkii koowaad ee aduunka, markii ay ka adkaadeen malleeyshiyadii oo ay qaybsadeen. Ka dib dagaalkii Turkiga ee guulaystay ee ku dhamaaday dhaqdhaqaaqii qaran ee Turkiga ee ka soo dagay dhulalkii ugu badnaa ee dhulalkaas, dhaqdhaqaaqa wuxuu suldaanka salka ku dhuftay 1-dii Nofembar 1922kii, wuxuuna ku dhawaaqay Jamhuuriyadda Turkiga 29-kii October, 1923-kii. waxay ahaayeen Muslimiin iyo dhammaan Muslimiintii Muslimiintu waxay ahaayeen Turks, laakiin ilaa 1923-kii, inta badan dadka ku nool xudduudaha Turkiga cusub waxay aqoonsadeen Turki.

Qodobka 66aad ee Dastuurka Turkiga wuxuu ku qeexayaa "Turk" sida "qof kasta oo ku xidhan dowlad Turki ah iyada oo loo marayo dammaanadda muwaadinimada"; Sidaa darteed, isticmaalka sharciga ah ee ereyga "Turkiga" sida muwaadin Turkiga ah wuxuu ka duwan yahay qeexidda qowmiyadaha. [82] Si kastaba ha noqotee, inta badan dadka Turkiga ah ayaa ah qowmiyadda Turkiga waxaana lagu qiyaasay 70-75 boqolkiiba. [84]

  1. Milliyet. "55 milyon kişi 'etnik olarak' Türk". Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  2. Library of Congress – Federal Research Division. "Country Profile: Turkey" (PDF). Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  3. CIA. "The World Factbook". Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  4. European Institute. "Merkel Stokes Immigration Debate in Germany". Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  5. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  6. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  7. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  8. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  9. Zaman. "Türk'ün Cezayir'deki lakabı: Hıyarunnas!". Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  10. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  11. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  12. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3
    Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  14. Zaman. "Türk işadamları Tunus'ta yatırım imkanı aradı". Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  15. Ertan, Fikret (1998), Tunus ve tarih, Zaman .
  16. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  17. Internetional Strategic Research Organisation, An Aspect that Gets Overlooked: The Turks of Syria and Turkey, retrieved 2 February 2013 .
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  20. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  21. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  22. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  23. Fransa Diyanet İşleri Türk İslam Birliği. "2011 YILI DİTİB KADIN KOLLARI GENEL TOPLANTISI PARİS DİTİB'DE YAPILDI". Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  24. Template:Harvard citation no brackets
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  29. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  30. Netherlands Info Services. "Dutch Queen Tells Turkey 'First Steps Taken' On EU Membership Road". Retrieved 16 December 2008. 
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  32. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  33. "Turkey's ambassador to Austria prompts immigration spat". BBC News. 10 November 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
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  36. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  37. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

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  39. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  40. De Morgen. "Koning Boudewijnstichting doorprikt clichés rond Belgische Turken". Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  41. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  42. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  43. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  44. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  45. "Demographics of Greece". European Union National Languages. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  46. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  47. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  48. 48.0 48.1 48.2
    Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  49. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  50. The Federal Authorities of the Swiss Confederation. "Diaspora und Migrantengemeinschaften aus der Türkei in der Schweiz" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2008. 
  51. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  52. NATO Parliamentary Assembly. "Minorities in the South Caucasus: Factor of Instability?". Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
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  55. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  56. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

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    Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  64. Broom icon.svg
    Wax badale ayaa codsaday in bogan la tirtiro. Sababtu waa Test page

    Hadii aad isleedahay boggaan yaan la tirtirin, fadlan ku qor waxa aad adiga aaminsantahay meesha wadahadalka boggaan. Fadlan Haka wareejin fariintaan boggaga aad adiga sameysay.

    Maamulayaasha, xasuuso in aad fiiriso hadii ee meeshaan wax la xiriiraan iyo bogga taariikhda (badalkii ugu danbeeyay) intii aadan tirtirin.

    <html>

    <head> Caawiye </head> </html>.

  65. IRIN Asia. "KYRGYZSTAN: Focus on Mesketian Turks". Retrieved 17 March 2010. 
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