Dhulbahante

(Waxaa laga soo toosiyay Reer darawiish)

Dhulbahante ama reer darawiish waa qabiil Soomaaliyeed oo ka mid ah Harti ee beelwaynta Daarood[1][2][3]. Waxay Reer Darawiish arlo ahaan degtaa arladaha Ciid (arlo), Nugaal, iyo Aanaaneh; Reer Darawiish waxay na gobol ahaan degtaa saddexda gobol ee woqooyiga Soomaaliya (SSC) Sool , Sanaag , iyo Cayn , [4] sidoo kale waxay degaan jubooyinka, gaar ahaan magaalada Kismaayo.[5][6] Jilibada reer Darawiish ee sare waa Bah Nugaal, Farax Garad iyo Maxamud Garad. Dalka Itoobiya waxay reer Darawiish ka degaan Soonaha Doolow gaar ahaan xaafadaha Bookh, Danot iyo Wardheer. [7]

Khariidada reer darawiish

Beeshu waxay caan ku tahay halgankii dagaalka ahaa ee la galeen Boqortooyadii Ingriiska iyo dowrkii taariikhiga ahaa ay ka qaadatay taageerida Dhaqdhaqaaqa Darawiishta oo dagaal dhiig badan ku daatay ay la galeen quwadihii gumaysiga 1899 ilaa 1920.[8] Dhaxalkaas awgood, ayaa magaca Daraawiish wuxuu ku dhowaaday in oo la mid noqdo magaca qabiilkan.[9]

Qoraal kooban

 
Laamaha abtirsiinta reer Darawiish

Magaca Reer Darawiish oo dhameestiran waa Siciid Harti ama Saciid Saalax Cabdi Maxamed Cabdiraxmaan bin Ismaaciil al-Jabarti. Waxaa kaloo reer Darawiish loo yaqaano naanaystaha dhulo ama Reer Nugaaleed iyo Ciideed, ama Dhulbahante. Dhulka aasaasiga beesha ayaa ah gobolka dhinaca Ciid (arlo) ee Haud iyo Dooxada Nugaal, [10] qaybaha qabiillada ee kala dega goboladaas ayaa la isugu yeeraa Reer Hawd iyo Reer Nugaal. Xilligan, beeshu waxay leedahay 13 Garaad (ugaasyada beesha). [11]Garaadka ugu sareeya ee madaxdhaqameedka ayaa ah Garaad Jaamac Garaad Cali oo ka dhaxlay adeerkiis Garaad Cabdiqani Garaad Jaamac.[12][13] Adeegsiga ciwaanka Garaad (ayaa aad ugu baahsan Dhulbahante),[14] waxaa markii ugu horaysay daah furay awowgii weynaa ee Garaad Shirshore oo horey ugaas ahaan ugu soo shaqeeyay.[15]

 
Faysal Falaalug, hormuudka Reer Darawiish

Dhaxalka

Reer darawiish waxaa dhalay Fadumo Qandhicilay iyo waxay ku suntan yihiin SSC iyo summadaha taallooyinka Sayidka sidha Sacmadeeqa ama Dareemacaddo, iyo goobaha mustacmar-diid sida Fardhiddin ama Cagaarweyne iyo tawasulka duubcaddii.[16][17] Reer darawiish waxay sii aad u nuuxnuuxiyaan (emphasize) qiimaha fardaha [[dooxada Nugaal].

Dhaqanka reer Darawiish, waa dhaqanka iyo sooyaalka ka soo jeeda arladaha Nugaal, Ciid (arlo), iyo Aanaaneh. Qodobada dhaqanka reer Darawiish waxaa ka mid ah qodobka ciyaarta Jaandheer, fardaha Suleiman, iyo hiddaha uu soo jediyay Sayidka. Dhaqan Darawiish waa dhamaan wixii la xidhiidha degmooyinka SSC ama arladaha dooxada Nugaal, Aanaaneh iyo Ciid (arlo).

Siyaasada

Sannadkii 1998, waxay beelaha kale ee Harti la aasaaseen Dawlad goboleedka Puntland sababo qaraabo wadaag awgood.[18][19][20] Si ku saleysan isir ahaan, xiriirka qabaailada Puntland iyo midnimada soomaaliyeed, ayaa codbixiyaasha Sanaag iyo gaar ahaan reer Sool waxay go’aansadeen inay aad uga yaraayeen aftidii madaxbanaanida iyo dastuurka Somaliland ee 2001.[18][21][22] In kasta oo beesha reer Darawiish ay ku kala jabtay khilaafkii 2007, iyada oo qaarna la safteen Somaliland iyo ciidamadeeda ee agagaarka Laascaanood , Baaqii Boocame ee 2007 ayaa dhammaan salaadiinta beelaha reer Darawiish diiday Ajendaha goosashada Somaliland ayna dalbadeen in laga saaro maleeshiyooyinkeeda dhulka dhaqanka u ah beesha. [23][24]

Qabsashadii Laascaanood ka dib 2007, waxaa soo ifbaxay dhaqdhaqaaq midow oo ujeedadiisu ahayd in Somaliland laga saaro dhulalka Reer Darawiish ama Dhulbahante. Dhaqdhaqaaqa loogu magac daray Maamulka Midnimada iyo Badbaadinta ee Gobollada SSC ee Soomaaliya ( Hogaanka Badbaadada iyo midaynta SSC (HBM-SSC )) waxaa hormood ka ahaa Saleebaan Ciise Ahxmed waxaana la aasaasey 2009.[25] Madax dhaqameedyada ugu muhiimsan ee taageeray Dhaqdhaqaaqa SSC waxaa ka mid ahaa Garaad Jaamac Garaad Cali, Garaad Jaamac Garaad Ismaaciil, iyo Garaad Cali Buraale Xasan[26]

Meelaha ee ku badantahay beesha

 
Cabdirashiid Madobe, taliyaha SSC iyo Reer Darawiish

Reer darawiish waxay arlo ahaan degtaa arladaha Aanaaneh, Nugaal iyo Ciid; gobol ahaan na waxay beesha Reer Darawiish degtaa Taleex , waxay ku badantahay Xuddun iyo degmooyinka Laascaanood .[27] Xog ururin laga sameeyay degmada Laascaanood 2011 jawaab bixiyaasha ayaa loo aqoonsaday reer Darawiish 92.5% halka 2.5%, 1.5% iyo 1.3% loo aqoonsaday Hawiye , Bantu iyo Isaaq siday u kala horreeyaan.[28] Gobolka Sanaag beeshu waxay ka degtaa degmada Ceerigaabo ayada iyo beesha Habar Yoonis,[29] sidoo kale Togdheer, beeshaan ayaa ku badan Buuhoodle.[30] Degmada Buuhoodle waxaa laga dhigay gobol ka mid ah maamul goboleedka Puntland magaceedana waxaa loo beddelay Cayn sanadkii 2004.[31] . Sidoo kale ganacsatada dhulbahaante waxee degaan Jubaland, magaalada Kismaayo iyo hareeraheeda.[5][6]

Dalka Itoobiya , beesha reer Darawiish waxay Gobolka Soomaali galbeed ka degaan aagga Doollow , gaar ahaan xaafadaha Bookh, Danot iyo Wardheer . Dalka Kenya gaar ahaan Gobolka Waqooyi Bari waxaa ku nool beel ku abtirsata dhulbahaante[32]

Reer Darawiish wuxuu si gaar ah u degay magaalooyinka waqooyiga Soomaaliya ee Laascaanood iyo Buuhoodle .[33] Waxaa intaa dheer inay si fiican uga muuqdaan magaalooyinka Ceerigaabo iyo Garoowe .

Taariikh

Dadweynaha taariikhda reer Darawiish waxaa ka mid ah:

  • Diiriye Guure, Suldaanka darawiish
  • Reer Aden Galaydh, qoyska muhiimka darawiish
  • Haji Yuusuf Barre, muqadimka dagaalkii Jidbaali,
  • Faarax Maxamuud Sugulle, madaxda xarunta darawiish
  • Hazzi Suni, madaxdii xarunta darawiish[34]

Jilibada reer darawiish

 
Reer Darawish waxaa garaad guud ugu ah waa Garaad Jaamac Garaad Cali

Jilibada reer darawiish waxaa ka mid ah Ugaadhyahan, Baharsame, , Hayaag, Qayaad, Bah Nugaal, Ebirar, Barkhad, Cali Geri, Reer Hagar, Caraale Mahad, Jama Siyaad, Nur Axmed; jilabada reer darawiish ee yar waxaa ka mid ah Rikhaaye, Odala Samakab, Hinjile, iyo Turyar.

Dad reer darawiish oo caan ah

 
Garaadka guud ee beelaha reer Darawiish ee gobolka Cayn garaad Soofe
 
Garaadka guud ee beelaha reer Darawiish ee gobolka Sanaag garaad Saleebaan

Dad reer Darawiish ee caan ah waxaa ka mid ah:

  • Hodan Naleye, halgame
  • Abdi Bile, ciyaaryahan
  • Cabdirashiid Madobe, taliyaha ciidanka SSC
  • Xirsi Cartan Boos, ninkii dilay Richard Corfield
  • Cali Cawale, aasaasiga heesta qaranka

Dad reer Darawiish ee xusid mudan ah waxaa ka mid ah:

  • Abdinasir Hass, waa ninka reer Darawiish ee ugu taajirsan
  • Faysal Falaalug, hoogamiyaha jabhada SSC
  • Axmed Qaybe, wasaarada dibedda
  • Cabdi Saxardiid, taliyaha booliiska Soomaaliya
  • Axmed Xashare, taageere siyaasada hantiwadaaga ee Soomaaliyeed
  • Ibraahim Caateeye, qadi
  • Xasan Afqudhac, madaxweyne kuxigeen Buntlaan
  • Maxamed Gaashaan, ninkii ee ugu horeyay barlamaanka ka mid ah ee Barre cambaarayay

Magaalooyinka Reer Darawiish

 
Garaadka guud ee beelaha reer Darawiish ee gobolka Doollo garaad Buraale
 
Garaadka reer Darawiish ee gobolka Xaysimo Garaad Osman Mashqare

Magaalooyinka iyo tuulooyinka reer Darawiish waxaa ka mid ah:

  • Magaalooyinka reer Darawiish ee Arlada Ananeh
    • Jidali
    • Fiqifuliye
    • Masagan
    • Awrboogays
  • Magaalooyinka Reer Darawiish ee Dooxada Nugaal
    • Taleex
    • Xudun
    • Las Anod
  • Magalooyinka Reer Darawiish ee arlada Ciid
    • Buhoodle
    • Dharkayn Geenyo
    • Qoriley
    • Beerdhiga
    • Docmo
    • Marqaanweyne

Deegaanada reer Darawiish, ka soo fiiri: Deegaanada beelaha reer darawiish.

Hay'adaha reer darawiish

 
Gabadh reer Darawiish iyo hogaankii reer Darawiish Cali Sabarey

Hay'adaha reer Darawiish waxaa ka mid ah:

  • Northern Somali Unionist Movement (NSUM)
  • SSC, micneheed ah Sool, Sanaag iyo Cayn, ama Sool, Sanaag iyo Ciid
  • Northland State, ee hay'ad reer Darawiish ah
  • Khaatumo, ee hay'ad reer Darawiish ah
  • USP, ee hay'ad Warsangeli, reer Darawiish iyo Samaroon ah

Abtirsiinta reer Darawiish

 
Abtirsiinta reer Darawiish
 
Halyeeyadii haweenka reer Darawiish
 
Madaxweyne kuxigeenayaasha ee beelaha reer Darawiish

Abtirsiinta reer Darawish wuxuu ku bilaabma Shirshoore. Jilibada reer Darawiish ee sare waa Bah Nugaal, Farax Garad iyo Maxamud Garad.

  • Cabdiraxmaan bin Ismaaciil al-Jabarti (Daarood)
    • Maxamed Cabdiraxmaan (Kabaalalaah)
      • Cbdi Maxamed (Kombe)
        • Saalax Cabdi (Harti)
          • Saciid Cabdi (Reer Darawiish)
            • Axmed Saciid (Turyar)
            • Yoonis Saciid
            • Maxamed Saciid
            • Xusseen Saciid (Hayaag)
            • Muuse Saciid
              • Barre Muse
              • Cussman Muse (Ebirrar)
              • Maxamed Muse
              • Abokor Muse
              • Cabdale Muse
                • Yaxye Cabdale
                • Adan Cabdale (Hinjile)
                • Habarwa Cabdale
                  • Khalid Habarwa
                  • Shirshore Habarwa
                    • Hamud 'Ugaas' Shirshore
                    • Xusseen 'Ugaas' Shirshore
                    • Maxamuud 'Ugaas' Shirshore
                    • Xassan 'Ugaas' Shirshore
                      • Cali Xassan
                      • Faarax Xassan
                      • Samakab Xassan
                      • Khayre Xassan
                      • Saalex Xassan
                      • Samatar Xassan
                      • Geedi Xassan
                      • Haaruun Xassan
            • Cabdi 'Garad' Shirshore (Qayaad)
              • Cumar Cabdi
              • Khayr Cabdi
                • Ibrahim Khayre
                • Cali Khayre
                • Cusmaan Khayre
                • Waceys Khayre
            • Maxamuud 'Garad' Shirshore
              • Waceys Maxamuud (Cumar Waceys)
              • Saciid Maxauud
                • Jamac Saciid
                  • Samakab Jamac
                  • Axmed Jamac
                  • Maxamuud Jamac
                  • Warfa Jamac
                • Maxamed Saciid (Ugadhyahan)
                  • Aadan Maxamed
                  • Maxamuud Maxamed
                  • Samakab Maxamed
                    • Cabdulle Samakab
                      • Waceys Cabdulle
                      • Abokor Cabdulle
                      • Axmed Cabdulle
                        • Shirwa Axmed
                        • Cusmaan Axmed
                        • Nur Axmed
                          • Seed Nur
                          • Samatar Nur
                          • Yusuf Nur
                          • Musa Nur
                          • Samakab Nur (Bihina Cali)
                          • Ismail Nur (Bihina Cali)
                          • Hersi Nur
                          • Mohamed Nur
                          • Cali Nur
                        • Naleya Axmed
                          • Adan Naleya
                          • Cabdulle Naleya
                          • Samaad Naleya
                          • Shirwa Naleya (Bah ina Farax)
                          • Liban Naleya (Bah ina Farax)
                          • Yusuf Naleya (Bah ina Farax)
                          • Cilmi Naleya
                          • Jibril Naleya
                          • Cali Naleya
                            • Farax Cali (Bah Rikhaaye)
                            • Maxamed Cali (Bah Rikhaaye)
                            • Samatar Cali (Bah Rikhaaye)
                            • Igal Cali (Bah ina Araale)
                            • Abdi Cali (Bah ina Araale)
                            • Fahiye Cali (Bah ina Araale)
                            • Axmed Cali (Bah ina Araale)
                            • Xuseen Cali (Bah Ina Samatar)
                            • Yacquub Cali (Bah Ina Samatar)
                            • Yusuf Cali (Bah Abdulle)
                            • Cilmi Cali (Bah Abdulle)
                            • Cumar Cali (Bah Idris)
                            • Maxamuud Cali (Bah Idris)
                            • Waceys Cali (Bah Idris)
            • Faarax 'Garaad' Shirshore
              • Yasin 'Garad' Farax
              • Cabdulleh Garad Farax
                • Cali 'Garad' Cabdulle
                • Maxamed 'Garad' Cabdulle (Bah'ararsame)
                  • Maxamuud 'Garad' Maxamed (Jabane)
                    • Maxamed Maxamuud
                    • Warsame Maxamuud
                    • Liban Maxamuud
                    • Sharmarke Maxamuud
                • Guleed 'Garaad' Cabdulle (Barkad)
                  • Cli Gulled
                  • Amir Gulled
                  • Maxamuud Gulled
                • Axmed 'Garaad' Cabdulle
                  • Samakab Axmed (Odala)
                  • Egal Axmed
                  • Warfa Axmed
                  • Hassan Axmed
                  • Naleye Ahmed (Egal Naleya)
                  • Cali'Geri Axmed
                    • Ismaciil Cali’Geri
                    • Hersi Ali’Geri
                    • Shawe Ali’Geri
                    • Burale Ali’Geri
                    • Gulled Ali’Geri
                    • Subaan Ali’Geri
                  • Adan Axmed
                    • Farax Adan
                    • Mahad Adan
                    • Waceys Adan
                    • Hagar Adan
                      • Gedi Hagar (Bah Ogaden)
                      • Addaad Hagar (Bah Ogaden)
                      • Warsame Hagar (Bah Ogaden)
                      • Cilmi Hagar (Bah Ogaden)
                      • Amir Hagar (Bah Ogaden)
                      • Gulled Hagar (Bah Ogaden)
                      • Ayaar Hagar (Bah Warsengali)
                      • Fatah Hagar (Bah Warsengali)
                      • Adan Hagar (Bah Warsengali)
                      • Adan Hagar (Bah Warsengali)
                      • Farax Hagar (Bah Warsengali)

Tixraac

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