Qatar
قطر
Calanka Qatar Astaannta Qaranka ee Qatar
Calan Astaannta Qaranka
Astaanta Calanka
As salaam al amiir
Location of Qatar
Caasimada Dooxa
Luuqada(ha) Looga hadlo Af-Carabi
 -  Amiir Shiikh Xamdiin Khaliifat Al-thaanii
 -  Ra'iisul wasaare Xamdiin bin Jaasim bin Jiber Al-thaanii
Ka xoroobey qoomiyadihii tar tamaayay iyo Ingiriiska oo si nuuc kale ula dhaqmay 
 -  Taariikhda 18 Diseembar, 1971 
Area
 -  Total 11,437 km2 km² 
4,415km2 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) micno la aan
Cadadka Dadka
 -  2016 qiyaas 2,675,522 
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $0.181 trillion[1] 
 -  Per capita $44,550[1] 
Lacagta Riyaal qatar
Wakhtiga waqtiga bariga dhexe 

Qatar ( ), waa dal ku yaalla galbeedka Aasiya , Xudduudda dhul ee keliya waxay la leedahay Boqortooyada Sacuudi Carabiya ee koonfurta, iyadoo inta kale ee dhulkeeda ku xeeran Gacanka Beershiya . Gacanka Baxreyn , oo ah marinka Gacanka Beershiya, wuxuu kala saaraa Qatar iyo Baxrayn oo u dhow .

Horraantii 2017, tirada guud ee dadka Qatar waxay ahayd 2.6 milyan: 313,000 oo muwaadiniin Qatar ah iyo 2.3 milyan qurbajoog ah .[2] Islaamku waa diinta rasmiga ah ee Qatar. [3] Marka la eego dakhliga , waddanku wuxuu leeyahay GDP -da saddexaad ee ugu sarreeya (PPP) qofkiiba adduunka, [4] iyo kan lixaad ee ugu sarreeya GNI qofkiiba (Atlas method) . [5] QM waxay Qatar ku tilmaamtay inay tahay wadan horumarka biniaadamka aad u sarreeya, iyadoo ku jirta kaalinta saddexaad ee HDI ee dunida Carabta ka dib imaaraatka s iyo Sucuudiga .[6]

Qadar waxaa soo xukumay aqalka Thani tan iyo markii Maxamed bin Thani uu heshiis la saxiixday Ingiriiska 1868 kaas oo lagu aqoonsaday maqaamkeeda gooni ah. Ka dib xukunkii Cusmaaniyiinta , Qatar waxay noqotay maxmiyad Ingiriis horraantii qarnigii 20aad illaa ay xorriyadda qaadatay 1971.

Sannadkii 2003, dastuurka ayaa si aqlabiyad leh loogu ansixiyay afti dadweyne, iyadoo ku dhowaad 98% ay taageersan yihiin. [7][8] Qarnigii 21aad, Qadar waxay u muuqatay inay awood weyn ku leedahay dunida carabta labadaba iyada oo loo marayo kooxdeeda war baahinta adduunka, Al Jazeera Media Network , waxaana lagu soo waramayaa inay taageertay dhowr jabhadood dhaqaale ahaan xilligii Kacdoonkii Carabta.. [9][10][11]

kubada cagta aduunka FIFA World Cup 2022 ayaa lagu qaban doona dalka Qatar, taasoo ka dhigeysa dalkii ugu horreeyay ee Muslim iyo Carab ah oo martigeliya munaasabadda. [12] Cayaaraha Aasiya 2030 ayaa lagu qaban doona dalka Qatar. [13]





TaariikhEdit

Deganaanshaha biniaadamka ee Qatar wuxuu soo jiray ilaa 50,000 oo sano ka hor[14] Sanadkii 224 miilaadiga, Boqortooyadii Sasaaniya waxay la wareegtay dhulalkii ku hareeraysnaa gacanka Beershiya.[15]Qadar waxay door ku yeelatay dhaqdhaqaaqa ganacsi ee Sasanid, waxay ku biirisay ugu yaraan laba badeecadood: luul qaali ah iyo midab buluug ah. [16] Intii uu jiray xukunkii Sasanid, dad badan oo ka mid ah dadkii deganaa Bariga Carabta waxaa lagu bari jiray diinta kirishtaanka ka dib markii masiixiyiintii Mesobotaamiya ee bariga ku fidiyeen[17]. Kaniisado ayaa la dhisay iyo degsiimooyin dheeri ah ayaa la aasaasay xilligan. [18][19] Intii lagu jiray qaybtii dambe ee xilligii Masiixiyiinta, Qatar waxay ka koobnayd gobol loo yaqaan 'Beth Qatraye' ( Syriac oo loogu talagalay "guriga dadka reer Qatar").[20] Gobolku kuma koobnayn Qadar; waxaa kale oo ka mid ahaa Baxrayn , Jasiirada Tarout , Al-Khatt, iyo Al-Hasa . [21]

Markuu ahaa sanadka 628, nabi Muxammad csw wuxuu ergay muslimiin ah u diray taliye ka tirsan bariga carabta oo la yiraahdo Munzir bin Sawa Al Tamimi wuxuuna ka codsaday in isaga iyo dadka ay xukumaanba ay qaataan diinta islaamka. Munzir wuu ku qasbay codsigiisa, sidaa awgeed, inta badan qabiilooyinka carbeed ee gobolka ayaa qaatay diinta Islaamka. [22] Qaadashada diinta islaamka kadib, waxaa dhacday Boqortooyadii Sasaaniya.


Xilligii Islaamka ee hore iyo kii dambe (661–1783)Edit

Qadar waxaa lagu tilmaamay inay ahayd xarun caan ku ah faraska iyo dhaqashada geela xilligii Umawiyiinta[23] Qarnigii 8aad, waxay bilowday inay ka faa'iideysato booskeeda istiraatiijiyadeed ee ganacsi ee gacanka Beershiya waxayna u gudubtay inay noqoto xarun laga ganacsado luul.[24][25]




TixraacEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named IMF database 2018
  2. http://priyadsouza.com/population-of-qatar-by-nationality-in-2017/. Soo qaatay 7 February 2017.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20041024231923/http://english.mofa.gov.qa/details.cfm?id=80. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original 24 October 2004. Soo qaatay 29 October 2017.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  4. data.worldbank.org https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.PP.CD?most_recent_value_desc=true. Soo qaatay 2020-07-28.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  5. data.worldbank.org https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GNP.PCAP.CD?most_recent_value_desc=true. Soo qaatay 2020-07-28.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  6. hdr.undp.org https://web.archive.org/web/20200430080741/http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/2019-human-development-index-ranking. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original 30 April 2020. Soo qaatay 2020-07-28.  Barameter aan la aqoon |url-status= ignored (caawin); Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  7. www.electionguide.org http://www.electionguide.org/results.php?ID=341. Soo qaatay 5 June 2017.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  8. www.princeton.edu https://web.archive.org/web/20171010092106/https://www.princeton.edu/~pcwcr/reports/qatar2003.html. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original 10 October 2017. Soo qaatay 5 June 2017.  Barameter aan la aqoon |url-status= ignored (caawin); Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  9. Dagher, Sam (17 October 2011). Online.wsj.com https://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052970204002304576627000922764650. Soo qaatay 30 December 2013.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  10. . Politicsandpolicy.org https://web.archive.org/web/20170610115944/http://politicsandpolicy.org/article/qatar-rise-underdog. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original 10 June 2017. Soo qaatay 30 December 2013.  Barameter aan la aqoon |url-status= ignored (caawin); Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  11. Ian Black in Tripoli. Theguardian.com https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/oct/26/qatar-troops-libya-rebels-support. Soo qaatay 30 December 2013.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  12. . 15 July 2018 http://www.gulf-times.com/story/599599/Amir-2022-World-Cup-Qatar-a-tournament-for-all-Ara. Soo qaatay 7 September 2018.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  13. . 2020-12-17 https://www.sportspromedia.com/news/doha-2030-asian-games-riyadh-2034-qatar-saudi-arabia. Soo qaatay 2021-02-04.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  14. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cs1
  15. Cadène, Philippe. BRILL. p. 10. ISBN 978-9004245600 https://books.google.com/books?id=fSSzAQAAQBAJ.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  16. . globalsecurity.org http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/gulf/qatar-history.htm. Soo qaatay 17 January 2015.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  17. Gillman, Ian; Klimkeit, Hans-Joachim. University of Michigan Press. pp. 87, 121. ISBN 978-0472110407 https://books.google.com/books?id=UGpr2KsbS94C.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  18. Commins, David. I. B. Tauris. p. 16. ISBN 978-1848852785 https://books.google.com/books?id=T56CBAAAQBAJ.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  19. Habibur Rahman, p. 33
  20. (PDF). American University of Beirut. 31 May 2011 https://web.archive.org/web/20150528053210/http://www.aub.edu.lb/communications/media/Documents/May_2011/grant-syriac-EN.pdf. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original (PDF) 28 May 2015. Soo qaatay 12 May 2015.  Barameter aan la aqoon |url-status= ignored (caawin); Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  21. Kozah, Mario; Abu-Husayn, Abdulrahim; Al-Murikhi, Saif Shaheen. Gorgias Press LLC. p. 24. ISBN 978-1463203559.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  22. . maritimeheritage.org http://www.maritimeheritage.org/ports/bahrain.html. Soo qaatay 17 January 2015.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)Template:Better source needed
  23. Rahman, Habibur. Routledge. p. 34. ISBN 978-0710312136.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  24. . Routledge / Europa Publications. p. 192. ISBN 978-1857431155 https://books.google.com/books?id=eCSOT0_JAnwC.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  25. Page, Kogan. Kogan Page Ltd. p. 169. ISBN 978-0749440664 https://books.google.com/books?id=78ACLNgHdf4C.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)