Shawwāl (Af carabi: شوّال) waa bisha tobanaad ee Kalandarka Hijriga.[1][2][3]

Bishani waxay ku dhamaataa 30 maalmood.

HordhacEdit

Bisha Shawwaal waa bisha tobanaad ee maalintiriska Hijriga ah. Ereyga Shawwāl macnaheedu waa "qaaditaan".

Soonka ShawwalEdit

Maalinta koowaad ee bisha Shawwāl waa Ciid al-Fitr, maalinta dadka Islaamka ah u dabaaldegaan dhamaystirka soonka Bisha Ramadan. Qaar ka mid ah Muslimiintu waxay ku daraan lix maalmood oo soon ah, kaasi oo sunno adag ah. Sida ku xusan axaadiis badan, qofkii sooma bisha Ramadaan isla markaana ku dara lixda cisho ee Shuwaalka ah wuxuu la mid yahay qof soomay sanadka oo dhan.[4]

WakhtigaEdit

Sida caadiga ah, bilaha sanadka Hijriga ah waxay la bilaabmaan dhalashada (soo bixitaanka) dayaxa, waxayna inta ugu badan 11 ilaa 13 maalmood ka gaaban yihiin Kalandarka Miilaadiga ee la shaqeeya qoraxda.

Hoos waxaad ku arkaysaa waa qiyaasta wakhtiga ay bilaamayso iyo dhamaanayso bishani (qiyaastani waxaa laga soo xigtay Maalintiriska Umm Al-Qura ee Sacuudi Carabiya[5]):

Miilaadi Hijri Biloow Dhamaad
2014 1435 28 July 26 August
2015 1436[6] 17 July 15 August
2016 1437 6 July 3 August
2017 1438 25 June 23 July
2018 1439 15 June 13 July
2019 1440 4 June 3 July
2020 1441 24 May 21 June
2021 1442 13 May 10 June
2022 1443 2 May 30 May
2023 1444 21 April 20 May
2024 1445 10 April 8 May
Wakhtiyada bilaabmeyso bisha Shuwwal ee sanadaha 2014 ilaa 2024

Kalandarka HijrigaEdit

Kalandarka Islaamka waa maalintiriska (Kalandarka) bulshada Islaamka kaasi oo loo yaqaano Hijri. Si la mid ah kaalandarka Miilaadiga ah, sanadka Hijriga ah waa labo iyo toban bilood kuwaasi oo leh 354 ama 355 maalmood (cisho).

Kalandarka Hijriga ah waxaa laga isticmaalaa wadamo badan oo Islaam ah, waxaana dadka Muslimka ah ku xisaabshaan isla markaana kala socdaan bilaabida bisha barakaysan ee Ramadaan, soo gudashada waajibaadka Xajka, iyo Ciidaha.

Bilaha HijrigaEdit

Afar ka mid ah bilaha Hijriga waxaa loo yaqaana kuwo barakaysan, sababtoo ah waa billo aad muhiim ugu ah taariikhda Islaamka. Afartaasi bilood waa: Rajab (bisha 7aad), iyo sadex bilood oo ku xiga Dū al-Qa‘dah (bisha 11aad), Dul al-Ḥijjah (bisha 12aad) iyo Muxarram (bisha 1aad).[7]

Sidoo Kale FiiriEdit

TixraacEdit

  1. Kuwa kale waa Dhu al-Qi'dah, Dhu al-Hijjah iyo Rajab, The Islamic Calendar
  2. G.E. von Grunebaum, Muhammadan Festivals (London: Curzon Press, 1976), pp. 53-54.
  3. http://islamqa.info/en/154850.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  4. [1] Islam online. Archived Febraayo 22, 2011 // Wayback Machine
  5. Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia
  6. Predicted by the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia
  7. http://www.usc.edu/org/cmje/religious-texts/hadith/bukhari/054-sbt.php#004.054.419.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)