Muuriitaaniya

(Waxaa laga soo toosiyay Mauritania)

Muuriitaaniya (Af-Faransiis: Mauritanie), si rasmi ah Jamhuuriyadda Islaamiga ah ee Mauritania, waa waddan Waqooyi-galbeed Afrika. Waa waddanka kow iyo tobanaad ee ugu weyn Afrika, waxaana xuduud u leh Galbeedka Atlantik ee galbeedka, Sahra Galbeed oo waqooyi iyo waqooyi-galbeed, Aljeeriya ilaa waqooyi-bari, Mali ilaa bari iyo koonfur, iyo Senegal oo koonfur galbeed ah. Waddanku wuxuu magaciisa ka soo qaatay boqortooyadii hore ee Berbera ee Mauretania, oo ka jiray min qarnigii 3aad ee BCE illaa qarnigii 7aad ee Woqooyiga ee waqooyiga ee casriga ah ee Morocco iyo Algeria. Qiyaastii 90% dhulka Mauritania wuxuu ku yaalaa Sahara; Sidaa darteed, dadku waxay ku badan yihiin koonfurta, halkaas oo roobabku aad u sarreeyo. Magaalada caasimada ah iyo magaalada ugu weyn waa Nouakchott, oo ku taalla xeebta Atlantic, kaas oo ku yaal saddex meelood hal meel 4,3 milyan oo qof. Xukuumadda ayaa lagu afgembiyay 6-dii August 2008-dii, kaas oo ah madax-furasho milatari oo uu hoggaaminayo General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. 16kii Abriil 2009, Aziz ayaa iska casilay millatariga si uu ugu tartamo madaxweynaha doorashadii 19-kii July, kaas oo uu ku guuleystay. Qiyaas ahaan 20% dadka reer Mauritania waxay ku nool yihiin wax ka yar US $11.25 maalintii.

Islamic Republic of Mauritania
الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Af-Carabi)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah
République islamique de Mauritanie  (Af-Faransiis)
Hal ku dheg: شرف إخاء عدل (Carabi)
"Sharaf, Walaalnimo, Caddaalad"
Heesta qaranka: نشيد وطني موريتاني
(Af Ingiriis : "Dalka Aabbenimadu waa Hibada Sharafta leh")
Location of Mauritania (dark blue) in Africa
Location of Mauritania (dark blue) in Africa
Location of Mauritania (dark blue) in Africa
Location of Mauritania
Magaalo madax
Waa Magaalada ugu balaaran
Nouakchott
Luqadaha rasmiga ah Carabia
Luqad loo aqoonsaday dalka
Other languages French[1]
Dadka Mauritanian
Xukunka Unitary semi-presidential Islamic republic
 -  President Mohamed Ould Abdel Azizb
 -  Prime Minister Yahya Ould Hademineb
Sharci dejinta Parliament
 -  Aqalka hoose National Assembly
Independence
 -  from France 28 November 1960 
 -  Current Constitution of Mauritania 12 July 1991 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 1,030,000 km2 [2](28th)
397,685 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 0.03
Tirada dadka
 -  2021 qiyaasta 4,614,974[3][4]
 -  2013 Tirakoob 3,537,368[2]
 -  Mugga Dadka 3.4/km2
8.8/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2017 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $17.421 billion[5] (134th)
 -  Qof qof $4,488[5] (140th)
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2017 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $5.063 billion[5] (154th)
 -  Calaa qof $1,304[5] (149th)
Qaybsiga (2008)40.5[6] (medium)
Kobaca (2015)Steady 0.513[7] (low / 157th)
Lacagta Ouguiya (MRO)
Waqtiga GMT (UTC+0)
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +222
Furaha Internetka .mr
a. According to Article 6 of the Constitution: "The national languages are Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof; the official language is Arabic."
b. Not recognized internationally (see main article).

Xubin wax ka badal


 
Muuqaalka hawada ee Nouakchott.

Xigasho wax ka badal

  1. . 13 November 2011 https://web.archive.org/web/20130414235528/http://www.quotidien-nouakchott.com/etats-generaux-l-education-nationale-en-mauritanie-la-reforme-1999-sera-t-elle-supprimee. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original 14 April 2013.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Template:Cite report[dead link]
  3. population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division https://population.un.org/wpp/. Soo qaatay July 17, 2022.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  4. population.un.org (XSLX) ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Files/1_Indicators%20(Standard)/EXCEL_FILES/1_General/WPP2022_GEN_F01_DEMOGRAPHIC_INDICATORS_COMPACT_REV1.xlsx. Soo qaatay July 17, 2022.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 . International Monetary Fund http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=83&pr.y=7&sy=2015&ey=2022&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=682&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  6. . World Bank http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI/. Soo qaatay 2 March 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  7. (PDF). United Nations Development Programme http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf. Soo qaatay 21 March 2017.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)