Khal (Af Ingiriis : vinegar; Af carabi: خل) waa dareere ka samaysan ilaa 5–20% acetic acid (CH3COOH), biyo, iyo noocyo kale oo kimikooyin ah kuwaasi oo u sameeya midabo kala duwan iyo xajmi jaamud oo kala adaga. Khalku waa dareere ka samaysan asiidh iyo biyo kuwaasi oo loo isticmaalo cuntada noocyadeeda kala duwan.[1]

Noocyo kala duwan oo khal ah

Hordhac

Khalka waxaa lagu sameeyaa nidaam bacarimin iyo khamiirin iskugu jirta taasi oo loo isticmaalo ethanol.[2] Sida caadiga ah khalka waxaa lagu daraa cuntada la karinayo iyo raashinka bisil intaba wuxuuna sameeyaa dhadhan dhanaan iyo xalad u yeela cuntada.[3][4]

Falgalka

Marka falgalka khalku socdo waxaa dhacda in sameysmaan isla markaana burburaan isku-dhisyo badan. Sida caadiga ah waxaa lagu bilaabaa in la isku daro isku-dhiska ethanol (CH3CH2OH) iyo ogsajiin (O2) taasi oo noqota acetic acid (CH3COOH)[5]Shaxda falgalka

CH3CH2OH + O2 → CH3COOH + H2O

Sawiro

Sidoo kale fiiri

links Dibadda

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Tixraac

  1. Beeton, Isabella. pp. 258–60.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  2. Nakayama T. J Biochem. 46 (9): 1217–25 http://jb.oxfordjournals.org/content/46/9/1217.extract.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  3. Saturated Fat
  4. Eat less saturated fat
  5. Saladin, Kenneth S., McGraw-Hill Education, p. 55, ISBN 9814646431  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)