Ruushka

(Waxaa laga soo toosiyay Ruush)

Ruushka () ama Ruushka Fedaraalka ah waa waddan ku fidsan qaaradaha Bariga Yurub iyo Waqooyiga Aasiya . Dalku wuxuu ku fidsan yahay laga bilaabo Badda Baltic ee galbeedka illaa Badweynta Baasifiga ee bariga, iyo Badweynta Arktik ee woqooyiga ilaa Badda Madoow iyo Badda Caspian ee koonfurta. Ruushka wuxuu daboolayaa 17,125,191 kiiloomitir oo laba jibbaaran (6,612,073 sq mi), oo u dhigma in ka badan sideed meelood meel dhulka la deggan yahay, wuxuu ku fidsanyahay kow iyo toban soonayaasha waqtiga , wuxuuna xuduud la leeyahay 16 dal oo madaxbanaan,

Ruushka Fedaraalka ah
  • Российская Федерация (Af-Ruush)
  • Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
Heesta qaranka: 
"Государственный гимн Российской Федерации"
"Gosudarstvennyy gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii"
"Heesta qaranka Ruushka Fedaraalka ah"
Goobta ee Ruushka ku taalo oo ay ka midtahay Krimea cagaar biyobiyo[lower-alpha 1]
Goobta ee Ruushka ku taalo oo ay ka midtahay Krimea cagaar biyobiyo[lower-alpha 1]
Magaalo madaxMoscow
Magaalada uguwayn Caasimada
Luqada rasmiga
iyo luqada qaranka
Ruush[3]
La aqoonsaday Luqadaha qaranka Fiiri Luqadaha ruushka
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha (2010)
Dadka Ruush
Xukunka Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic[4]
 -  Madaxweyne Vladimir Putin
 -  Raiisul wasaare Mikhail Mishustin
 -  Afhayeenka
Golaha federaalka
Valentina Matviyenko
 -  Afhayeenka
Gobolka Duma
Vyacheslav Volodin
 -  Guddoomiyaha Maxkamadda Sare Vyacheslav Lebedev
Sharci dejinta Golaha Federaalka
 -  Aqalka sare Golaha Xiriirka
 -  Aqalka hoose Gobolka Duma
Sameynta
 -  Novgorod built c. 862 
 -  Kievan Rus' 879 
 -  Duchy of Moscow 1283 
 -  Tsardom of Russia 16 January 1547 
 -  Russian Empire 2 November 1721 
 -  Monarchy abolished 15 March 1917 
 -  Russian Federation 12 December 1991 
 -  Current constitution 12 December 1993 
 -  Siyaasadii ugu dambeysay qirtay 18 March 2014 
 -  Wax ka beddelka ugu dambeeyay 4 July 2020 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 17,098,246 km2 [5] (without Crimea)[lower-alpha 2](1st)
6,601,670 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 13[7] (including swamps)
Tirada dadka
 -  2020 (December)[9] qiyaasta
 (9th)
 -  Mugga Dadka 8.4/km2 (225th)
21.5/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2019 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan Green Arrow Up Darker.svg $4.135 trillion[10] (6th)
 -  Qof qof Green Arrow Up Darker.svg $28,184[10] (50th)
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2019 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan Green Arrow Up Darker.svg $1.702 trillion[10] (11th)
 -  Calaa qof Green Arrow Up Darker.svg $11,601[10] (61st)
Qaybsiga (2018)negative increase 37.5[11] (medium / 98th)
Kobaca (2019)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.824[12] (very high / 52nd)
Lacagta Russian ruble () (RUB)
Waqtiga (UTC+2 to +12)
Taariikhda dd.mm.yyyy
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +7
Furaha Internetka

Moscow waa caasimada dalka waana magaalada ugu weyn; magaalooyinka kale ee waaweyn waxaa ka mid ah Saint Petersburg , Novosibirsk , Yekaterinburg , Kazan , Nizhny Novgorod , Chelyabinsk iyo Samara . Ruushka waa wadanka ugu weyn aduunka , waa wadanka sagaalaad ee ugu dadka badan , sidoo kale waa wadanka ugu dadka badan Yurub. Waddanku wuxuu ka midyahay kuwa ugu shacabka tirada yar caalamka marka loo fiiriyo baaxada dalka.

Qiyaastii kalabar guud ahaan dalka waa dhul duur , waxaana ku nool afar meelood meel tirada guud ee dadkeeda oo ka badan 146.7 milyan. Ruushka wuxuu maamul ahaan u qaybsan yahay 85 qaybood oo federaal ah . Magaalada caasimada ah ee Moscow waa magaalada ugu weyn yurub iyo nawaaxigeeda, waxayna ka midtahay kuwa ugu waaweyn adduunka , oo in ka badan 20 milyan ay deggan yihiin.

Ruushka waxaa lagu tilmaamaa inuu yahay dal awood leh , oo leh ciidanka labaad ee ugu awooda badan aduunka , iyo kan afaraad ee ugu qarashka militariga sareeya. Maaddaama ay tahay dowlad hub nukliyeer oo la aqoonsan yahay , waddanku wuxuu leeyahay keydka hubka adduunka ugu weyn.

Dhaqaalaha dalka wuxuu ku jiraa kaalinta kow iyo tobnaad ee ugu weyn dunida oo dhan marka loo eego GDP iyo kan lixaad ee ugu weyn marka loo eego PPP .

Kheyraadka ballaaran ee Ruushka laga helo macdanta iyo tamarta ayaa ah kan ugu weyn adduunka, taasoo ka dhigeysa mid ka mid ah kuwa ugu horreeya soo saarista saliidda iyo gaaska dabiiciga ah ee adduunka. Ruushka waxay martigalisay tirada sagaalaad ee adduunka ugu tirada badan ee UNESCO Goobaha Dhaxalka Adduunka , isla mar ahaantaana lagu qiimeeyo heer aad u sarreeya ee Heerka Horumarinta Biniaadamka.

Ruushka waxay leedahay nidaam daryeel caafimaad oo caalami ah iyo waxbarasho jaamacadeed oo bilaash ah . Waa xubin joogto ka ah Golaha Amniga ee Qaramada Midoobay , xubin ka ah SCO , G20 , Golaha Yurub , APEC , OSCE , IIB iyo WTO , iyo sidoo kale inay xubin ka tahay hoggaanka CIS , the CSTO iyo xubin ka tirsan EAEU.

TaariikhEdit

Code Name Capital/Administrative centre[a] Flag Coat
of arms
Federal district Economic region Area
(km2)[13]
Population
[14]
Year
established
 
01 Adygea, Republic of Maykop     Southern North Caucasus 7,600 447,109 1922
02 Bashkortostan, Republic of Ufa     Volga Ural 143,600 4,104,336 1919
03 Buryatia, Republic of Ulan-Ude     Siberian East Siberian 351,300 981,238 1923
04 Altai Republic Gorno-Altaysk     Siberian West Siberian 92,600 202,947 1922
05 Dagestan, Republic of Makhachkala     North Caucasian North Caucasus 50,300 2,576,531 1921
06 Ingushetia, Republic of Magas
(Largest city: Nazran)
    North Caucasian North Caucasus 4,000 467,294 1992
07 Kabardino-Balkar Republic Nalchik     North Caucasian North Caucasus 12,500 901,494 1936
08 Kalmykia, Republic of Elista     Southern Volga 76,100 292,410 1957
09 Karachay-Cherkess Republic Cherkessk     North Caucasian North Caucasus 14,100 439,470 1957
10 Karelia, Republic of Petrozavodsk     Northwestern Northern 172,400 716,281 1956
11 Komi Republic Syktyvkar     Northwestern Northern 415,900 1,018,674 1921
12 Mari El Republic Yoshkar-Ola     Volga Volga-Vyatka 23,200 727,979 1920
13 Mordovia, Republic of Saransk     Volga Volga-Vyatka 26,200 888,766 1930
14 Sakha (Yakutia) Republic Yakutsk     Far Eastern Far Eastern 3,103,200 949,280 1922
15 North Ossetia-Alania, Republic of Vladikavkaz     North Caucasian North Caucasus 8,000 710,275 1924
16 Tatarstan, Republic of Kazan     Volga Volga 68,000 3,779,265 1920
17 Tuva Republic Kyzyl     Siberian East Siberian 170,500 305,510 1944
18 Udmurt Republic Izhevsk     Volga Ural 42,100 1,570,316 1920
19 Khakassia, Republic of Abakan     Siberian East Siberian 61,900 546,072 1930
20 Chechen Republic Grozny     North Caucasian North Caucasus 15,300 1,103,686 1991
21 Chuvash Republic Cheboksary     Volga Volga-Vyatka 18,300 1,313,754 1920
22 Altai Krai Barnaul     Siberian West Siberian 169,100 2,607,426 1937
75 Zabaykalsky Krai Chita     Siberian East Siberian 431,500 1,155,346 2008
41 Kamchatka Krai Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky     Far Eastern Far Eastern 472,300 358,801 2007
23 Krasnodar Krai Krasnodar     Southern North Caucasus 76,000 5,125,221 1937
24 Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnoyarsk     Siberian East Siberian 2,339,700 2,966,042 1934
59 Perm Krai Perm     Volga Ural 160,600 2,819,421 2005
25 Primorsky Krai Vladivostok     Far Eastern Far Eastern 165,900 2,071,210 1938
26 Stavropol Krai Stavropol     North Caucasian North Caucasus 66,500 2,735,139 1934
27 Khabarovsk Krai Khabarovsk     Far Eastern Far Eastern 788,600 1,436,570 1938
28 Amur Oblast Blagoveshchensk     Far Eastern Far Eastern 363,700 902,844 1932
29 Arkhangelsk Oblast Arkhangelsk     Northwestern Northern 587,400 1,336,539 1937
30 Astrakhan Oblast Astrakhan     Southern Volga 44,100 1,005,276 1943
31 Belgorod Oblast Belgorod     Central Central Black Earth 27,100 1,511,620 1954
32 Bryansk Oblast Bryansk     Central Central 34,900 1,378,941 1944
33 Vladimir Oblast Vladimir     Central Central 29,000 1,523,990 1944
34 Volgograd Oblast Volgograd     Southern Volga 113,900 2,699,223 1937
35 Vologda Oblast Vologda
(Largest city: Cherepovets)
    Northwestern Northern 145,700 1,269,568 1937
36 Voronezh Oblast Voronezh     Central Central Black Earth 52,400 2,378,803 1934
37 Ivanovo Oblast Ivanovo     Central Central 21,800 1,148,329 1936
38 Irkutsk Oblast Irkutsk     Siberian East Siberian 767,900 2,581,705 1937
39 Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad     Northwestern Kaliningrad 15,100 955,281 1946
40 Kaluga Oblast Kaluga     Central Central 29,900 1,041,641 1944
42 Kemerovo Oblast Kemerovo
(Largest city: Novokuznetsk)
    Siberian West Siberian 95,500 2,899,142 1943
43 Kirov Oblast Kirov     Volga Volga-Vyatka 120,800 1,503,529 1934
44 Kostroma Oblast Kostroma     Central Central 60,100 736,641 1944
45 Kurgan Oblast Kurgan     Ural Ural 71,000 1,019,532 1943
46 Kursk Oblast Kursk     Central Central Black Earth 29,800 1,235,091 1934
47 Leningrad Oblast Largest city: Gatchina[b]     Northwestern Northwestern 84,500 1,669,205 1927
48 Lipetsk Oblast Lipetsk     Central Central Black Earth 24,100 1,213,499 1954
49 Magadan Oblast Magadan     Far Eastern Far Eastern 461,400 182,726 1953
50 Moscow Oblast Largest city: Balashikha[c]     Central Central 44,300[15] 6,618,538 1929
51 Murmansk Oblast Murmansk     Northwestern Northern 144,900 892,534 1938
52 Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Nizhny Novgorod     Volga Volga-Vyatka 76,900 3,524,028 1936
53 Novgorod Oblast Veliky Novgorod     Northwestern Northwestern 55,300 694,355 1944
54 Novosibirsk Oblast Novosibirsk     Siberian West Siberian 178,200 2,692,251 1937
55 Omsk Oblast Omsk     Siberian West Siberian 139,700 2,079,220 1934
56 Orenburg Oblast Orenburg     Volga Ural 124,000 2,179,551 1934
57 Oryol Oblast Oryol     Central Central 24,700 860,262 1937
58 Penza Oblast Penza     Volga Volga 43,200 1,452,941 1939
60 Pskov Oblast Pskov     Northwestern Northwestern 55,300 760,810 1944
61 Rostov Oblast Rostov-on-Don     Southern North Caucasus 100,800 4,404,013 1937
62 Ryazan Oblast Ryazan     Central Central 39,600 1,227,910 1937
63 Samara Oblast Samara     Volga Volga 53,600 3,239,737 1928
64 Saratov Oblast Saratov     Volga Volga 100,200 2,668,310 1936
65 Sakhalin Oblast Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk     Far Eastern Far Eastern 87,100 546,695 1947
66 Sverdlovsk Oblast Yekaterinburg     Ural Ural 194,800 4,486,214 1935
67 Smolensk Oblast Smolensk     Central Central 49,800 1,049,574 1937
68 Tambov Oblast Tambov     Central Central Black Earth 34,300 1,178,443 1937
69 Tver Oblast Tver     Central Central 84,100 1,471,459 1935
70 Tomsk Oblast Tomsk     Siberian West Siberian 316,900 1,046,039 1944
71 Tula Oblast Tula     Central Central 25,700 1,675,758 1937
72 Tyumen Oblast Tyumen     Ural West Siberian 1,435,200 3,264,841 1944
73 Ulyanovsk Oblast Ulyanovsk     Volga Volga 37,300 1,382,811 1943
74 Chelyabinsk Oblast Chelyabinsk     Ural Ural 87,900 3,603,339 1934
76 Yaroslavl Oblast Yaroslavl     Central Central 36,400 1,367,398 1936
77 Moscow     Central Central 2,511 10,382,754
78 Saint Petersburg     Northwestern Northwestern 1,439 4,662,547
79 Jewish Autonomous Oblast Birobidzhan     Far Eastern Far Eastern 36,000 190,915 1934
83 Nenets Autonomous Okrug Naryan-Mar     Northwestern Northern 176,700 41,546 1929
86 Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Yugra Khanty-Mansiysk
(Largest city: Surgut)
    Ural West Siberian 523,100 1,432,817 1930
87 Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Anadyr     Far Eastern Far Eastern 737,700 53,824 1930
89 Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Salekhard
(Largest city: Noyabrsk)
    Ural West Siberian 750,300 507,006 1930
82 Crimea, Republic of[d] Simferopol     Southern[16][17] North Caucasus 26,964[18] 1,966,801[19] 2014
92 Sevastopol[d]     Southern[16][17] North Caucasus 864[20] 379,200[20] 2014





TixraacEdit

  1. "Republic of Crimea". Routledge. 2020. ISBN 9781003007067. Note: The territories of the Crimean peninsula, comprising Sevastopol City and the Republic of Crimea, remained internationally recognized as constituting part of Ukraine, following their annexation by Russia in March 2014.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  2. Taylor, Adam (22 March 2014). https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2014/03/22/crimea-has-joined-the-ranks-of-the-worlds-gray-areas-here-are-the-others-on-that-list/. Soo qaatay 27 March 2014.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  3. http://www.constitution.ru/en/10003000-04.htm. Soo qaatay 22 April 2015.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  4. s:Constitution of Russia
  5. (PDF). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Statistics Division https://unstats.un.org/unsd/publications/pocketbook/files/world-stats-pocketbook-2016.pdf#page=182. Soo qaatay 24 April 2018.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  6. Сведения о наличии и распределении земель в Российской Федерации на 1 January 2017 (в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации). Rosreestr. 
  7. Federal State Statistics Service https://web.archive.org/web/20110728064121/http://www.gks.ru/scripts/free/1c.exe?XXXX09F.2.1%2F010000R. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original 28 July 2011. Soo qaatay 5 April 2008.  Barameter aan la aqoon |url-status= ignored (caawin); Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Оценка численности постоянного населения на 1 января 2020 года и в среднем за 2019 год [Estimated population as of 1 January 2020 and on the average for 2019] (XLS). Soo qaatay 21 June 2020. 
  9. www.nationsonline.org
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 IMF.org. International Monetary Fund https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/WEO/weo-database/2020/October/weo-report?c=922,&s=NGDPD,PPPGDP,NGDPDPC,PPPPC,&sy=2010&ey=2020&ssm=0&scsm=1&scc=0&ssd=1&ssc=0&sic=0&sort=country&ds=.&br=1. Soo qaatay 18 January 2020.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  11. . World Bank https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI?locations=RU. Soo qaatay 22 March 2020.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  12. (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020 http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2020.pdf. Soo qaatay 15 December 2020.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  13. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). Federal State Statistics Service http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_03.xls. Soo qaatay 2008-04-18.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  14. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). Federal State Statistics Service http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Soo qaatay 2008-06-23.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  15. [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014] |trans-title= requires |title= (caawin). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Soo qaatay 26 July 2016. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 http://uatoday.tv/politics/crimea-becomes-part-of-vast-southern-federal-district-of-russia-705731.html. Soo qaatay 2016-07-29.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  17. 17.0 17.1 . RBC. March 21, 2014 http://top.rbc.ru/politics/21/03/2014/912755.shtml.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  18. . Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine http://mfa.gov.ua/en/about-ukraine/info/regions/1-crimea. Soo qaatay 2014-03-25.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  19. . ukrstat.gov.ua http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2014/ds/kn/kn_e/kn0214_e.html. Soo qaatay 2015-10-18.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  20. 20.0 20.1 . Sevastopol City State Administration https://web.archive.org/web/20140211231857/http://sev.gov.ua/en/cityinfo/sovrem/. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original February 11, 2014. Soo qaatay April 7, 2014.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)


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