Romaan (Romaania Listeni [Romuusia Listeni [romɨni.a]) waa gobol madax bannaan oo ku yaal bartamaha bartamaha, bariga, iyo koonfur-galbeed ee Yurub. Waxay xuduud u tahay badda madow, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, iyo Moldova. Waxay leedahay aag 238,397 square kilomitir (92,046 sq mi), taas oo ka dhigeysa kii labaatanaad ee ugu weynaa Yurub. Waxay leedahay cimilo badan oo dabiiciga ah oo cimilada ah oo leh qaar ka mid ah Oceanic, Mediterranean, iyo xitaa saameynta xilliyada Scaninavian-Baltic. Ku dhowaad 20 milyan oo qof, waddanku waa gobolka toddobaad ee ugu badan ee ka mid ah Midowga Yurub iyo tobankii guud ee Yurub. Magaalada caasimadda ah iyo magaalada ugu weyn, Bucharest, waa magaala lixaad ee ugu weyn Midowga Yurub iyo tobanka tobnaad ee ku yaala qaarada yurub, iyadoo 2,106,144 degganaa laga soo bilaabo 2016; [8] magaalooyinka kale ee waaweeyn waxaa ka mid ah Iaşi, Timishoara, Cluj-Napoca, Constanţa, Craiova, iyo Galaţi. Webiga River Danube, oo ah webiga labaad ee ugu dheer Yurub, wuxuu kordhay jarmalka, wuxuuna u dhexeeyaa jihada koonfur bari ee 2,857 km (1,775 mi), isagoo ku weheliya toban waddan kahor inta uusan faaruqin Danube Delta. Buuraleyda Carpathian, oo ka soo jeeda waqooyiga galbeedka ilaa koonfur galbeed, waxaa ka mid ah Moldowanu oo ah 2,544 m (8,346 ft). [9] Modern-ka Romania waxaa la aasaasay 1859 iyada oo loo marayo urur shaqsi ah oo ka mid ah Maamullada Danubiyaanka ee Moldavia iyo Wallachia. Gobolka cusub, oo si rasmi ah loogu magacaabay Romania tan iyo 1866-kii, ayaa xor ka ah Boqortooyadii Boqortooyada ee 1877. Dhamaadkii Dagaalkii Dunida I, Transylvania, Bukovina iyo Bessarabiya waxay ku midoobeen boqortooyada Boqortooyada Roomaaniya. Intii lagu jiray dagaalkii labaad ee dunida, Romania waxay ahayd xulafada Nazi Jarmalka ee ka soo horjeeda Midowgii Soofiyeetka, iyagoo la dagaallamaya dhinaca Wehrmacht ilaa 1944-kii, markii ay ku biireen awoodda Allied iyo inay la qabsadeen xoogagga Ciidanka Xoogga. Romania waxaa laga badiyay dhulal badan, oo waqooyiga Transylvania dib loo soo celiyay dagaalka. Dagaalka ka dib, Romania waxay noqotay Jamhuuriyad bulshadeed oo xubin ka ah Warsaw Saxiixa. Ka dib Kacaanka 1989, Romania waxay bilowday in ay u gudubto dimuquraaddiyadda iyo dhaqaalaha suuqa dhaqaalaha.

Romania
România  (Af-Romanka)
Heesta qaranka: Deșteaptă-te, române!
'"Awaken thee, Romanian!"

Halka ay dhaco  Romaniya  (dark green) – Yurub  (green & dark grey) – the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Halka ay dhaco  Romaniya (dark green)

– Yurub (green & dark grey)
– the European Union (green)  —  [Legend]

Magaalo madax
Waa Magaalada ugu balaaran
Bucharest
Luqadaha rasmiga ah Romanian[1]
Recognised minority
languages[2]
Qaybaha qoomiyedaha (2011[3])
Dadka Romanian
Xukunka Unitary semi-presidential
republic
 -  President Klaus Iohannis
 -  Prime Minister Viorica Dăncilă
Sharci dejinta Parliament
 -  Aqalka sare Senate
 -  Aqalka hoose Chamber of Deputies
Formation
 -  Kingdom of Dacia 168 BC 
 -  Roman conquest 106 
 -  Migration Period 275 – 10th century 
 -  First Romanian polities 10th century – 1330 
 -  Principality of Wallachia 1330 
 -  Principality of Moldavia 1346 
 -  Principality of Transylvania 1570 
 -  First union under Michael the Brave 1600 
 -  United Principalitiesa 24 January 1859 
 -  Independence from
the Ottoman Empire
9 May 1877 / 1878b 
 -  Kingdom of Romania 14 March 1881 
 -  Great Unionc 1 December 1918d 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 238,397 km2 (81st)
92,043 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 3
Tirada dadka
 -  2017 qiyaasta 19,638,000 Decrease[4] (59th)
 -  2011 Tirakoob 20,121,641[3] (58th)
 -  Mugga Dadka 84.4/km2 (117th)
218.6/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2018 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $474.032 billion[5] (42nd)
 -  Qof qof $25,533 (61st)
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2018 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $204.943 billion[5] (49th)
 -  Calaa qof $11,817 (67th)
Qaybsiga (2013)Steady 34[6] (medium)
Kobaca (2015)Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.802[7] (very high / 50th)
Lacagta Romanian Leu (RON)
Waqtiga EET (UTC+2)
 -  Xagaa (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Taariikhda dd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +40
Patron saint Saint Andrew
ISO 3166 code RO
Furaha Internetka .roe
a. The double election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Moldavia and Wallachia (respectively, 5 and 24 January 1859).
b. Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878.
c. The union of Romania with Bessarabia, Bukovina and Transylvania in 1918.
d. Monarchy was abolished on 30 December 1947 upon the proclamation of the People's Republic and was changed with the new constitution upon its adoption on 21 August 1965 as the Socialist Republic. The Communist regime fell on 22 December 1989, the new democratic government was installed on 20 May 1990 and the new post-communist constitution was adopted on 21 November 1991. Romania joined the European Union on 1 January 2007.
e. Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.









































































sido kale fiiriEdit

  1. "Constitution of Romania". Cdep.ro. Archived from the original on 7 September 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2013. 
  2. "Reservations and Declarations for Treaty No.148 – European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages". Council of Europe. Council of Europe. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2015. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Romanian 2011 census (final results)" (PDF) (in Romanka). INSSE. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 July 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  4. "Annual official estimate" Template:Webarchive.(PDF) 2017 Revision
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Romania". International Monetary Fund. Archived from the original on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  6. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  7. "2016 Human Development Report Romania" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. pp. 2–3. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.