Olive Borden

Atariisho filim Mareykan xilligii filimada aamusnaa (1906-1947)

Olive Mary Borden (Luulyo 14, 1906 - Oktoobar 1, 1947) waxay ahayd filim Mareykan ah oo jilaa ah oo masraxiyad ka bilawday xilligii filimka aamusnaa.[1]  Waxaa lagu naanaysi jiray "Gabadha Farxadda leh", ka dib markii ay hoggaanka u gashay filimkii 1927 ee isla magacaas.[2] Borden waxaa lagu yaqaanay timaheeda jet-madow iyo guud ahaan quruxda.

Olive Borden
Olive Borden CM329.jpg
Ku dhashay (1906-07-14)Luuliyo 14, 1906
Richmond, Virginia
Dhimasho Oktoobar 1, 1947(1947-10-01) (da'da 41jir)
Los Angeles, Kalifornia, U.S.
Ku aasan Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale
Sanadaha Shaqada 1924–1934
Xaasaska
Theodore Spector
(g. 1931; tirtiray 1932)

John Moeller
(g. 1934; la furay 1941)
Qaraabada Natalie Joyce (inaadeer)

Markii ugu sarreysay ee shaqadeeda bartamihii 1920-meeyadii, Borden wuxuu kasbanayay $ 1,500 usbuucii. Sanadkii 1927, waxay ka baxday qandaraaskeedii ay la gashay Fox ka dib markii ay diiday inay dhimo mushahar dhimis.  Markay ahayd 1929, shaqadeedii waxay bilaabatay inay hoos udhacdo sababo laxariira sumcaddeeda lagu xanto inay tahay mid dabeecad leh[3] iyo dhibkeeda u gudbida aflaanta codka. Waxay sameysay Filimkeedii ugu dambeeyay, Chloe, Love Is Calling You, sanadkii 1934-dii waxayna u gudubtay inay masrax ka shaqeyso in muddo ah. Dabayaaqadii 1930s, waxay ku dhawaaqday musalafnimo waxayna joojisay jilitaanka. Intii lagu jiray Dagaalkii Labaad ee Adduunka, waxay ku biirtay WACs. Markii dambe si sharaf leh ayaa looga saaray si kala-duwanaansho ah ka dib markii uu dhaawac ka soo gaadhay cagta intii lagu jiray adeegga. Borden wuxuu isku dayay inuu dib ugu soo laabto filimada, si kastaba ha noqotee, waxaa hor istaagay khamrigeeda iyo dhibaatooyinkiisa caafimaad.

Sannadkii 1945, waxay ka shaqaysay Sunshine Mission, guri loogu talagalay haweenka saboolka ah oo ku yaal qaybta skidrow ee Los Angeles. Waxay halkaas ku dhimatay Oktoobar 1947 xanuun caloosha ah iyo oof-wareen ah iyada oo 41 jir ah.

Sannadihii dambeEdit

Intii ay ku jirtay xirfadeeda jilitaanka, Borden wuxuu ka mid ahaa xiddigaha ugu mushaarka badan.  Waxay lacagteeda ku bixisay si xor ah dhamaadka 1930sna way jabtay.  Borden wuxuu markaa shaqo ka helay karraaniga boostada iyo boosteeyaha sido kale wuxuu u shaqeeyey kalkaaliye caafimaad.[4] Bishii Diseembar 1942, Borden waxay ku biirtay WAC (the Women Army Corps, meesha kaliya ee haweenku ka shaqeyn karaan Ciidanka waqtigaas) halkaas oo ay ka ahaan jirtay darawal ambalaas waxayna heshay tixraac ciidan oo geesinimo leh oo lagu wareejinayo gaari xamuul ah oo cadawgu leeyahay.[5][6][7] Xirfadeedii ciidan waxay ku dhammaatay 1944, iyadoo si sharaf leh looga soo saaray ka dib markii la dhigay isbitaal ku yaal Xarunta Caafimaadka Walter Reed iyada oo dhaawac lugta ah uu daran yahay. Ka dib markii la fasaxay, waxay isku dayday soo laabasho aan guuleysan oo filimada ah.[8]

Borden wuxuu la halgamay khamriga iyo dhibaatooyin caafimaad oo badan.  Waxay sannadihii ugu dambeeyay ku qaadatay qaybta taraafikada ee Los Angeles iyada oo ka shaqeysay kuna noolayd Sunshine Mission, oo ah guri loogu tala galay dumarka ay weheliso hooyadeed Sibbie, oo shaqada ka heshay Borden.[8]

TixraacyoEdit

  1. "Olive Borden, Star Of Silent Films, 40". New York Times.
  2. https://books.google.com/books?id=68e2AgAAQBAJ&q=%22Olive+Borden%22&pg=PA1899
  3. "olive borden released temperamental". Jefferson City Post-Tribune.
  4. (Ankerich 2010, p. 74)
  5. https://books.google.com/books?id=aHSKSzyw8TEC&q=olive+borden+moeller+wac&pg=PA132
  6. https://books.google.com/books?id=ajXwxJuYd5gC&q=olive+borden+WAC&pg=PA403
  7. "Olive Borden Joins The Army 1943". The Des Moines Register.
  8. 8.0 8.1 (Brettell 2005, p. 35)