Kuuriyada Waqooyi

Template:Infobox Chinese/HeaderKorean nameChosŏn'gŭl

Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국
Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk
Heesta qaranka: 
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Area controlled by the North Korean state are shown in dark green; North Korean-claimed but uncontrolled regions are shown in light green.
Area controlled by the North Korean state are shown in dark green; North Korean-claimed but uncontrolled regions are shown in light green.
Magaalo madax
Waa Magaalada ugu balaaran
Pyongyang
Luqadaha rasmiga ah Korean[1]
Official script Chosŏn'gŭl[2]
Dadka
Xukunka Unitary one-party socialist republic[3]
 -  Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un[n 1]
 -  SPA Presidium
President
Kim Yong-nam[n 2]
 -  Premier Pak Pong-ju
Sharci dejinta Supreme People's Assembly
Formation
 -  First Kingdom c. 7th century BC 
 -  Three Kingdoms 18 BC 
 -  North-South Kingdoms 698 
 -  Goryeo dynasty 918 
 -  Joseon dynasty 1392 
 -  Korean empire October 12, 1897 
 -  Japan-Korea Treaty August 29, 1910 
 -  Declaration of Independence March 1, 1919 
 -  Provisional Government April 11, 1919 
 -  Liberation/Independence from Japan 15 August 1945 
 -  Provisional People's Committee for North Korea established 8 February 1946 
 -  Foundation of DPRK 9 September 1948 
Baaxad
 -  Guud ahaan 120,540 km2 [4](97th)
46,528 sq mi 
 -  Biyo (%) 4.87
Tirada dadka
 -  Template:UN Population qiyaasta Template:UN PopulationTemplate:UN Population (48th)
 -  2008 Tirakoob 24,052,231[5]
 -  Mugga Dadka 198.3/km2 (63rd)
513.8/sq mi
Wax soo saar (PPP) 2014 qiyaastii
 -  Guud ahaan $40 billion[6]
 -  Qof qof $1,800[7]
Wax soo saar (Iskaga magacaaban) 2015 estimate
 -  Guud ahaan $25 billion[8][9]
 -  Calaa qof $1,000[9]
Lacagta North Korean won (₩) (KPW)
Waqtiga Pyongyang Time[10] (UTC+9)
Taariikhda
  • yy, yyyy년 mm월 dd일
  • yy, yyyy/mm/dd (AD–1911 / AD)
Wadista Baabuurta right
Furaha telka +850[11]
Furaha Internetka .kp[12]

Hancha

Revised Romanization Joseon Minjujuui Inmin Gonghwaguk McCune–Reischauer Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk Template:Infobox Chinese/Footer

Mapa administrativa de la Corèa del Nòrd.
Vista aeriana de Pyeongyang

NK-pyongyang3.png

Aficha de propaganda per Kim Il-sung

Waqooyiga Kuuriya (Chosŏn'gŭl: 조선; Hanja: 朝鮮; Chosŏn), si rasmi ah Jamhuuriyadda Dimuqraadiga ah ee Korea (oo loo soo gaabiyo DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, ama Korea DPR), waa waddan Bariga Aasiya oo ka kooban waqooyiga Peninsula Korean. Pyongyang waa caasimadda iyo magaalada ugu weyn. Woqooyi iyo waqooyi-galbeed, waddanka waxaa xuduud u leh Shiinaha iyo Ruushka oo ku yaal Amnok (oo loo yaqaan Yalu ee Shiinaha) iyo Wabiyaal Tumen; waxaa xuddun u ah Koonfurta Kuuriya, oo leh Xeebta Dabiiciga ah ee xoogga leh (DMZ) oo kala tagay labadaas. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, Waqooyiga Kuuriya, sida kiniisadda koonfureed, ayaa sheeganeysa inay tahay dawlad sharci ah oo ku taal jasiiradda oo dhan iyo jasiirado ku dhow. Labada North Korea iyo South Korea waxay xubno ka ahaayeen Qaramada Midoobay sannadkii 1991-kii.

Sanadkii 1910, Korea waxaa lagu daray Imperial Japan. Ka dib markii isa soo dhiibay Jabaankii dhamaadkii dagaalkii labaad ee dunida ee 1945, Korea ayaa loo qaybiyay laba goobo, iyadoo waqooyiga ay qabsadeen Midawga Soofiyeeti iyo Koonfurta Kuuriyada Maraykanka. Wadaxaajoodyada dib-u-heshiisiinta ayaa ku fashilmay, iyo 1948-dii, dawlado kala duwan ayaa la sameeyey: Jamhuuriyadda Dimuqraadiga ah ee Dimoqraadiga ee waqooyiga, iyo Jamhuuriyadda caasimadda ah ee Kuuriyada Koonfureed. Weerar ay bilowday North Korea waxay keentay Dagaalkii Kuuriya (1950-1953). Heshiiska Kuuriyada Koban ee Kuuriyada Koonfureed waxa uu keenay xabbad joojin, laakiin lama saxiixin heshiis nabadeed.

Waqooyiga Kuuriya si rasmi ah ayuu u sharaxayaa isagoo ah isbahaysi bulsho oo isku kalsoon, oo si rasmi ah u haysta doorashooyin. Warbaahin kala duwan oo warbaahin ah ayaa ugu yeeray Stalinist, oo si gaar ah u muujinaysa shakhsiyaadka shakhsiga ah ee ku xeeran Kim Il-sung iyo qoyskiisa. Xisbiga Shaqaalaha ee Kuuriya (WPK), oo uu hoggaamiyo xubin ka mid ah qoyska hanti-awaalka, waxay awoodda ku leedahay gobolka waxayna hoggaamisaa Dib-u-xoreynta Dimuqraadiga ee Dib-u-Celinta Waddanka kaas oo dhammaan saraakiisha siyaasadda looga baahan yahay xubin. Juche, oo ah fikrad ku salaysan is-aaminaad qaran, ayaa lagu soo rogay dastuurkii 1972. Habka wax soo saarka waxaa iska leh dowladda gobolka iyada oo loo marayo ganacsiyada gobolka iyo beeraha la uruuriyey. Adeegyada badankood sida daryeelka caafimaadka, waxbarashada, guryaha iyo wax soo saarka cuntada ayaa la kabay ama dawlad-goboleed lagu maalgeliyay. Laga soo bilaabo 1994 ilaa 1998, Waqooyiga Kuuriya waxay la kulantay macaluul taas oo keentay geerida udhaxeysa 240,000 iyo 420,000 oo qof, iyo dadku waxay weli ku jiraan nafaqo daro. Waqooyiga Kuuriya waxay raacdaa Songun, ama "siyaasad-milatari".

Kuuriyada Woqooyi ayaa si weyn loogu eedeeyaa inay malaha tahay tii ugu xumayd ee xagga xuquuqda aadanaha adduunka. Rasmi ahaan, Kuuriyada Waqooyi waa dawlad aan diin lahayn.

  1. Minahan, James B. ABC-CLIO. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-61069-018-8 https://books.google.com/books?id=oZAAQBAJ&pg=PA147.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)[dead link]
  2. Alton, David; Chidley, Rob. Lion Books. p. 89. ISBN 978-0-7459-5598-8 https://books.google.com/books?id=eTWqpOOXI_QC&pg=PA89.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  3. "Korea, North". Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. p. 642. ISBN 978-1-62513-171-3.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named unstats08
  5. (PDF). DPRK Central Bureau of Statistics. p. 14 https://web.archive.org/web/20100331091148/http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/sources/census/2010_PHC/North_Korea/Final%20national%20census%20report.pdf. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original (PDF) 31 March 2010. Soo qaatay 19 February 2011.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CIAGDP(PPP)
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CIAGDP(PPP)Capita
  8. . United Nations Statistics Division. December 2012 http://unstats.un.org/unsd/snaama/selbasicFast.asp. La keydiyay asal ahaan 5 February 2016.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  9. 9.0 9.1 http://www.nkeconwatch.com/category/statistics/gdp-statistics/. La keydiyay asal ahaan 8 January 2017. Soo qaatay 2017-02-09.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin) Hyundai Research Institute (South Korea)
  10. "Nuqul Archive". Naenara. 30 April 2018. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original 5 Bisha Shanaad 2018. Soo qaatay 4 May 2018.  Barameter aan la aqoon |ciwaan= ignored (caawin); Hubi qiimaynta taariikhda: |archive-date= (caawin)
  11. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CIATelephone
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Hersher2016


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