Isku Xidhka Gini

Xagga dhaqaalaha, isku xidhka Gini ( /ni/ JEE-nee ), oo sidoo kale loo yaqaan index Gini ama saamiga Gini, waa cabbir kala firdhisanaan xisaabeed oo loogu talagalay in lagu matalo sinnaan la'aanta dakhliga ama sinnaan la'aanta hantida qaranka ama waddan kooxda bulshada. Isku-xidhka Gini waxa sameeyay xisaabiyaha iyo cilmiga bulshada Corrado Gini.

TirakoobkaEdit

Jadwalka hoose waxa uu ku saabsan yahay adduunka Gini isku xidhka (maaha dalal keli ah).

Income Gini coefficient
World, 1820-2005
Year World Gini index[1][2][3]
1820 0.43
1850 0.53
1870 0.56
1913 0.61
1929 0.62
1950 0.64
1960 0.64
1980 0.66
2002 0.71
2005 0.68

Jadwalka hoose waxa uu tusinayaa dakhliga Isku xidhka Gini ee Mareykanka laga bilaabo 1947 ilaa 2009.

Income Gini coefficient
United States, 1947-2009
Year pre-tax Gini
1947 0.413
1967 0.397
1968 0.386
1970 0.394
1980 0.403
1990 0.428
2000 0.462
2005 0.469
2006 0.470
2007 0.463
2008 0.467
2009 0.468

Qoraalka hooseEdit

  1. Isabel Ortiz and Matthew Cummins (2011). (PDF). UNICEF https://web.archive.org/web/20120812232455/http://www.unicef.org/socialpolicy/files/Global_Inequality_REVISED_-_5_July.pdf. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original (PDF) 2012-08-12. Soo qaatay 2012-09-14.  Barameter aan la aqoon |url-status= ignored (caawin); Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  2. Evan Hillebrand (2009). (PDF). FAO, United Nations - Economic and Social Development Department https://wayback.archive-it.org/all/20171020065423/ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/012/ak968e/ak968e00.pdf. Waxaa laga kaydiyay the original (PDF) 2017-10-20. Soo qaatay 2012-09-14.  Barameter aan la aqoon |url-status= ignored (caawin); Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  3. Albert Berry and John Serieux (2006). (PDF). United Nations (DESA Working Paper #27) http://www.un.org/esa/desa/papers/2006/wp27_2006.pdf.  Maqan ama ebar |title= (caawin)
  Maqaalkan guud waa la bilaabay.
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